The excavations were started by Mr. P.E.P. Deraniyagala in the year 1937 and the excavations were carried out by Mr. Shiran Deraniyagala and Dr. W.M. Wijayapala during the 1980s. Homo sapiens Balangoda Ennis, this land which was inhabited by ancient man is a land of merit which started an important chapter in our ancient dynasty. Bellanbendipelessa near Kalthota, Batathota, and Batadombalena in Kuruwita, Kitulgala Beli Lena, and the Ath Lena cave at the entrance near Dedigama are considered to be the habitats of this man and his descendants. Cave excavations have uncovered medieval human skeletons and micro-stone tools, hunted animal skeletons, and oysters.
The cave is approximately 15 m (49 ft) high, 18 m (59 ft) wide and 25 m (82 ft) long, with an internal cave area of 6,800 m3 (240,000 cu). The entrance to the cave includes an ascent of 400 m (1,300 ft) from Sudagala and an additional 50 m (160 ft) to reach the cave entrance. Another cave is partially submerged about 30 m (98 ft) from the cave and can reach 20 m (66 ft). In Buddhism, it is believed to be the cave where the Supreme Buddha spent the day after being placed on top of Adam’s peak.
Batadombalena On the Kuruwita Erathna Road in the Kuruwita Divisional Secretariat Division in the Ratnapura District, turn right near the Eknaligoda Walawwa and travel about 5 km to reach the Batadomba Cave. This place can be reached by vehicle, and from here the journey is on foot. This small road takes about 30 minutes to reach Batadombalena. Not without minor obstacles. But the beauty of the environment forgets it all. On rainy days, a beautiful stream of water cascades down the cliffs. This is a very beautiful scene.