Sri Lankan culture is itself very unique and it represents the identity of Sri Lanka to the whole world. It mixes modern elements with traditional aspects and is known for its regional diversity. Sri Lanka is one of the few countries that has a very vast and rich cultural diversity. Increasingly popular with a tourist attraction, travelers and nomads, the culture here is rich and full of stories. With a mix of cultures and beliefs, fusion has created an interesting place to visit. Sri Lanka is not just beach resorts and tea plantations, there is so much more to discover.
The culture of Sri Lanka mixes modern elements with traditional aspects and is known for its regional diversity. Sri Lankan culture has long been influenced by the heritage of Theravada Buddhism passed on from India and made a strong religious background throughout the country. South Indian cultural influences are especially pronounced in the northern part of the country. Also, the colonial invasions mainly by Portuguese, Dutch and British in the history of Sri Lanka has also left a mark on Sri Lanka’s identity with various facets of Sri Lankan culture. Culturally, Sri Lanka, particularly the Sinhalese people, possesses strong links to both India and Southeast Asia.
Mainly there are four religions in Sri Lanka. Of all the people in Sri Lanka, most are Buddhist, others are Hindu, some are Muslim and another group is Christian. They all live quite comfortably with each other and are usually respectful of each other. Visitors will find Buddhist temples, Hindu kovils, Muslim mosques and Christian churches throughout the island. The main language of the island is Sinhalese, close behind comes Tamil and the third language is English. Most people, either Sinhalese or Tamil will know a little bit of English, with more of the younger generation learning at a faster rate.
The country has a rich artistic tradition with distinct creative forms that encompass music, dance, dramas, and visual arts. Many forms of Sri Lankan arts and crafts take inspiration from the island’s long and lasting Buddhist culture which in turn has absorbed and adopted countless regional and local traditions. In most instances, Sri Lankan art originates from religious beliefs and is represented in many forms such as painting, sculpture, and architecture. From castles to frescos, art itself chronicles the history and culture of Sri Lanka letting people filled with wonder, reverence, and respect. The cuisine of Sri Lanka is primarily influenced by that
of Southern India, Indonesia, and the Netherlands. Rice is a staple food and usually consumed daily, while spicy curries are favorite dishes for their main meals of a day. The types of curry vary from meats, poultry and fish curry to vegetable and even fruit curries. Foods in Sri Lanka can be hot or very mild or can be a combination being very much a question of individual preference. Sri Lankan food is unique for their Culture. Tasting these exclusive dishes of the Lankans is something you shouldn’t miss when you visit Sri Lanka.
Sri Lankan culture is often reflected by the use of art, architecture, sculptures, and even food. Some people would say that Sri Lanka has a more conventional culture which is obviously influenced by the prominent religions prevailing the country such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, etc. The Sri Lankan way of life is very simple and filled with humility and happiness, this is one of the reasons why the Sri Lankans have a very great sense in appreciating the simple things in life such as nature.