Biodiversity is derived from the two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to a variety of organisms that can be found on plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms such as the earth. It also mentions the communities they form and the habitats in which they live. So the simplest sense of biodiversity can be defined as the combination of living things and their interactions with each other and the environment that has made the earth a uniquely habitable place for humans. There is no doubt that biodiversity provides a large number of goods and services that sustain our lives. The theme of International Biodiversity Day (IDB) 2020 is “Our Solutions are in Nature”.
The first focus on the proclamation of an International Day for the Conservation of Biodiversity, which is critically endangered by human cruelty, was at the May 22, 1992 conference in Nairobi. There, the states signed a written agreement on the conservation of biodiversity. The states that convened the summit reached an agreement at the second session of the UN General Assembly on December 29, 1993. The request was approved by the UN General Assembly in December 2000, and May 22 was designated “International Day for Biodiversity” in honor of the Nairobi Accords.
On this day, various festivals are organized all over the world to make people aware of the importance of biodiversity and the role it plays for the future. The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which is part of the United Nations Environment Program, organizes celebrations every year. Several national governments and NGOs are also participating in the celebrations. Exhibitions and seminars are also organized for students, professionals, and the general public on this day. There will also be programs focusing on how to protect endangered species or habitats. Also, plant trees and other plants in several places to help prevent erosion. As mentioned above, a number of programs are organized to educate people around the world on the importance of biodiversity