Pigeon Island is one of the most popular maritime national parks in Sri Lanka. It is home to some of the most spectacular coral reefs in the country and is a fascinating place for exotic marine species. It is also known as Pigeon Island because thousands of rock pigeons use it as their breeding ground. It is located about a kilometer from the famous Nilaveli beach in Trincomalee on the east coast of the island.
More recently, the island has become famous for snooker and diving. It has hundreds of coral species and about 200 amazing fish species. Tortoises, including the spectacular Blacktip Reef Shark and Hawksbill Turtle and Green Turtle, often visit the island. The main attraction is the many young and adult Blacktip reef sharks on the island. These sharks are about five feet long and can be reliably seen adjacent to a large area of the two islands known as the Shark Point Reef.
This non-invasive species seems to accept humans in the water. Games of snooker are more likely to see them. It is one of the few places where inexperienced snooker has a good chance of watching sharks like fully qualified scuba divers. The best conditions for snooker or diving in this part of Sri Lanka are from late March to late October.
The nearest city is Nilaveli, a tourist city. The National Park is located about 1000 meters from the Nilaveli beach. From here you can take a motorboat to the island. The boat fare usually includes the entrance fee to the national park. The white sandy beach and clear blue water provide a great backdrop for these relaxing activities. The best time for snorkeling is from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. When the sun is directly above and visibility is at its maximum.